Página de inicio Lea el Libro Grande y Doce Pasos y Doce Tradiciones Twelve en audio de los Doce Pasos y Doce Tradiciones de Alcohólicos Anónimos. Search for a meeting by name; or Find a meeting by selecting the day of the week to see a map and list of the AA Meetings for that day, or view pdf directories. Un mecanismo de acción propuesto para los Doce pasos de Alcohólicos Anónimos. Luis A. Giuffra 1, a,b,c. 1 Washington University. St Louis, USA. a Professor.
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Doce Pasos Y Doce Tradiciones (Spanish Edition) [AA World Services] on domarepthestten.ml *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Book by AA World Services. 12 PASOS DE ALCOHOLICOS ANONIMOS PDF - Grupo doce pasos de alcoholicos anonimos, Montreal. likes · 3 talking about this. Nonprofit Organization. Salvador V, Al-Anon, from Ciudad de Mexico. Related Items. Las Vegas Roundup - Spanish AA - Complete Set in MP3 format. Your Price: $ Los Doce Pasos de.
There are about 30 million chemical compounds known to man, yet only about of them are intoxicants such as alcohol, opioids, benzodiazepines, barbiturates, cocaine, hallucinogens, solvents, etc.
What do the intoxicants have in common, and how do they affect the brain? What mechanisms of action drive their ability to generate abuse and dependence? Through different biochemical pathways, intoxicants share a common final mechanism of action in the brain: they increase dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens NAc and the ventral tegmental area VTA 1.
The NAc and the VTA are the core components of the reward system of the brain, and dopamine is the neurotransmitter that, when elevated in these nuclei, gives animals a positive, rewarding effect 2,3.
This positive effect is salient, recognized and remembered by the brain, and the animal is eager to repeat the behavior that produces it. Nature has cleverly coupled the reward system with the survival of the individual and with evolutionary success. Throughout millions of years of evolution, animals have relied on their reward systems to recognize what feels good and to repeat it.
This prompts the animal to eat regularly, guaranteeing their survival. During sex, dopamine levels in the reward system double, making the animal eager to repeat intercourse and ensure the survival of the species.
In the case of the intoxicants known to man, the amount of released dopamine is typically much higher than the amount released by common pleasurable behaviors such as eating or sexual activity. Intoxicants therefore usurp and hijack the reward system of the brain, giving the organism powerful reasons to repeat using them despite negative consequences. Over millions of years of evolutionary history, repeating what feels good is synonymous with success.
Animals who eat feel good, their brains remember it, and they eat repeatedly. Repeated sexual activity feels good and, by engaging in intercourse, animals pass on their genes and promote the survival of the species. When the nuclei composing the reward system unaware of any negative evolutionary consequences of dopamine surges sense a dramatic increase of dopamine above and beyond what food or sex produce they immediately equate it with survival and evolutionary success.
For the addict, the drug is survival. Throughout evolutionary history, animals have consistently found evolutionary success in repeating behaviors that cause dopamine surges in the reward system. Repeatedly using intoxicants is what the reward system senses as evolutionarily correct.
In the case of humans, the quest of the reward system to make addicts repeatedly use intoxicants results in the development of maladaptive behaviors lying, cheating, stealing, being selfish, etc. These maladaptive behaviors are symptoms of the illness and not life-long character defects. Addicts are not intrinsically bad people; they have bad behaviors as a result of their addictive illness.
In a way, these maladaptive behaviors serve well the evolutionary goal to repeat what feels good. Addicted animals are doomed to use intoxicants repeatedly even if this repetition leads to death by causing animals to neglect real survival needs such as food or water.
There is evidence suggesting that a regular participation in the group meetings could benefit a lot of individuals; especially those whose participation in all the activities is more enthusiastic and those who develop more beliefs inside the groups. A key element in AA's philosophy is the acceptance of a spiritual strength that comes from a bigger power than themselves Higher Power: can be understood as a "whole" or the power represented by God , which helps in the recovery process.
AA acknowledge the importance of religious thoughts, and the relevance of spiritual tradition in the recovery of each alcoholic, however, the core of the treatment is not placed on these aspects, but it is on spirituality.
According to AA, every individual may have his own definition of spirituality and it is outlined by his personal orientation. In that respect, Forcehimes, Kurtz, and Ketchman said that spirituality is a transformation breakthrough marked by a personal experience of "spiritual awakening", all resulting from regular participation to the meetings and from the daily practice of the twelve-step program. The twelve-step program represents one of the most important components in the recovery strategy of AA and reflects the spiritual nature of the program.
DiClemente and Gabhainn have noted that the practice of the steps has fundamental implications in reaching and maintaining abstinence, especially for those who practice them on a regular way.
However, available evidence about the benefits that each step brings to the alcoholics is still limited and sometimes controversial. There are very few investigations in Mexico about the role of spirituality in the alcoholic recovery process.
AA have not been sufficiently studied and there is a lot unknown about their treatment strategies.
The objective of this study is to know if the effectiveness of the practice of the 12 steps, the frequency of their practice, and the experience of the "spiritual awakening" that AA consider as a consequence of practicing the steps influence on the maintenance of abstinence in members of AA. The sample was non probabilistic and included AA members from traditional groups or "an hour and a half" groups, named after the time meetings last from southern Mexico City area.
Individuals were divided in two groups: relapsed and not relapsed. The second group included subjects 86 percent of males, 14 percent of females who have not relapsed since they entered AA or for a ten year period or longer. To determine the influence of the spiritual principles of the 12 steps program, a question was designed to measure the practice of each one of them, as well as a scale to explore the frequency of such practice.
Also, since AA considers the "spiritual awakening" as a result of working with the steps, a question about its occurrence was included. Results also showed that frequency in the practice of: thinking about events that led to alcoholism steps 4 and 5 , humbleness to accept help from a Higher Power steps 6, 7, and 11 , acceptance of responsibility to reduce the consequences of addiction steps 8, and 9 , and helping other alcoholics step 12 , is significantly different between both groups; not relapsed individuals had a more frequent practice of these steps.
Since AA assumes that working the steps leads to experience a spiritual conversion or "spiritual awakening" it implies a change in the self-concept, in the view of the world, and stop being self-centered , a regression analysis was performed to test this assumption.
No statistical differences were found in the practice of steps 13, but this does not mean that they are not important, for these are the most practiced steps in both groups. However, the fact that relapsed alcoholics put great value upon these steps, points out their willingness to stop consuming apparently they have accepted being powerless before alcohol, and to surrender their will and life to a Higher Power , but it also underlines their difficulty in attaching to some of the beliefs and activities that AA consider as base to complete the practice the steps and to develop spirituality.
In Our Own Words. Alcoholics Anonymous — Hard Cover. Steps 1, 2 and 3 promote the use of a necessary Surrogate Decision-Maker. Continued to take personal inventory and when we were wrong promptly admitted it. Unfortunately, the frontal lobes are a primary target los doce pasos de aa the intoxicants, often los 12 pasos de alcoholicos anonimos them too impaired to make a connection between the use of intoxicants and their negative consequences.
Doce Pasos de Elgin Hypofrontality is therefore essential for the denial los doce pasos de aa rationalization with which addicts justify their drug use, and helps znonimos understand their lack of insight and immunity to the devastating consequences of drug use for themselves and their loved ones.