A large portion of the answer for this question depends on whether you want Brazilian Portuguese or European Portuguese but since both are. We'll introduce you to 10 classic Portuguese classroom textbooks here. For instance, a good grammar book could greatly supplement the knowledge you're. Easily the best Portuguese grammar book I've ever used. Every question an English learner asks is answered in this book, and in a clear and logical manner.
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Although a beginner in Portuguese, this book has broadened my understanding of the grammer of the language considerably thereby letting me find order in the. I used "Falar, Ler, Escrever Português, Um Curso para Estrangeiros" by Emma Eberlein when I studied in Brasil. Also comes with. Portuguese Grammar – A complete, concise and practical reference book. This book is designed for self-study and suitable for beginners to.
He already knew all that. I ate everything on the table. The e which is part of the tens group does not count. In Portuguese, however, the decimal point 6 is replaced by a decimal comma. A point is used to separate the thousands: When reading them, use an ordinal up to 5 and including IX and a cardinal from X onwards. It is intended for reference only; 5 the following pages give full conjugations for all tenses.
Add the endings shown below to the stem of 2 the verb, for example: What are you doing? I am reading the paper. There are many poor children. Hei-de ler o livro que me recomendaste.
Whereas in English this tense is more of an aspect or refers to a state of completion following an action, in Portuguese it has the function 1 of a progressive tense describing an action or a process going on over some 2 length of time. I have been studying very hard.
Indicative 2 mood Eu tenho ido ao teatro. I have been going to the theatre. The Present Perfect expresses an action which began in the past, has 8 been developing over a period of time and may or may not continue into 9 the future see 7.
Indicative 2 Whenever I saw your father I would ask him about you. The Pluperfect is almost exclusively used in literary language. In 4 colloquial Portuguese, the Past Perfect is used instead: Do you think it is Filipe?
The Future is usually reserved for formal language, especially rules, Indicative 2 regulations and legislation. Will it have stopped raining? Who might have broken this glass? The Conditional is usually replaced by the Imperfect in spoken or 8 less formal written language: If any object pronouns are used with the Future or Conditional they 5 are placed between the stem and the ending of the verb and linked by 6 hyphens: She will write me a letter.
She would write it to me. In English, the Subjunctive mood usually expresses a hypothetical 4 situation. There are set circumstances, verbs and phrases that require its use. It is also linked to the idea of commands, 6 wishing, feeling and necessity. It normally appears in subordinate or 7 dependent clauses.
It is also used after verbs that express an 8 indirect command: It is a pity that she is ill. The verb in the main clause can be in 2 the Imperfect Indicative or in the Preterite, and each instance changes the 3 meaning of the sentence: It can be used with the Conditional or the mood 3 Imperfect: Help me, if you can.
You can do whatever you wish. In all other cases, including the negative, 3 commands are expressed by forms borrowed from the Present Subjunctive. This is not the case with irregular verbs 7 e.
Who opened the door — did 8 they or did I? Who has to translate it today? I am working. I am studying Portuguese. The simple Present 4 tense is used instead: He is leaving tomorrow. They are staying three days. Contrary to English usage, the Portuguese gerund cannot act as a 9 noun. Travelling by plane is expensive. Some verbs have two Past Participles, one regular and one irregular.
In the Passive Voice sentence: In principle, all 1 sentences in the Active Voice can be replaced by an equivalent with the verb in the Passive Voice. The preference is determined by matters of style 3 and emphasis, just like in English. For that reason, some of the examples 4 below may seem somewhat strange to a native speaker. They are provided 5 here merely as an illustration.
Auxiliary 2 We must go shopping. They are usually related to nature: There are two groups of 2 defective verbs. B 3 4 Posso sentar-me aqui? May I sit here? Can I sit here? She works a lot. He eats too much. Little is known of this composer. What a lively party! She cried desperately. He arrived today. Today I want to stay here.
She had never done that. There is no bread. There are adverbs with special comparative forms: You sing very well.
She lives very near. She plays and I study. She plays but I study. She plays, I study. Eu estudo. She plays.
I study. Conclusive conjunctions are normally placed at the beginning of the 40 clause they introduce. These conjunctions must be followed by the Subjunctive. Subordinating 2 I know more now than I knew a few years ago. Subordinating conjunctions are placed at the beginning of the clause 9 they introduce.
B 3 I need to go to the supermarket. It takes a verb in 5 the third person singular: It is 6 followed by a verb in the third person singular: It can be used with isto, 8 isso and aquilo but never with a noun: You must eat everything.
You must eat it all. However, the difference between 9 them lies in their point of reference: This landscape is so pretty! He got so many presents! I like that dress so much! Are you going tomorrow? Is there still some bread left? No, there is none anymore. Is there already some bread? No, there is none yet.
B She phoned me and wrote me a letter. With compound tenses, pronouns are placed after the auxiliary verb: B She had written me a letter. With the Future Indicative or the Conditional pronouns are placed 1 between the stem and the ending: B She will write me a letter. B She would write me a letter. Portuguese 4 usage 5 6 My car is white.
He was very rushed. She felt very bad. Word order 2 Ele partiu subitamente. He left suddenly. Some adverbs placed before the verb can add emphasis: I always travel by plane. He has never been to the theatre. In a main clause or a question not introduced by an 2 notes on interrogative, the pronoun is attracted to the verb and linked to it by a 3 Portuguese hyphen: As in the previous 5 section, a translation is provided for all examples. Hello, Joana! B expresses delight on seeing someone: Por aqui?
Fancy meeting you here! Bem-vindo a nossa casa. Welcome to our house. On its own, it implies a longer parting until 9 speakers meet again. Have a good trip! See you later! B 9 Bye! See you anon, in a minute! B See you later! See you tomorrow! See you the day after tomorrow! B See you next week! B See you next month! B See you next year! Until next time! See you! B, 1 Until we meet again! Good morning! Good afternoon! Bom dia! I prefer the other paper.
Good evening. What time is it? It is 8.
A cup of coffee and a glass of water. Attracting 2 Escuta! Pay attention! Estou aqui. I am here. Tanta gente! So many people! This is important. What is this noise? Look here! Listen carefully! Listen really well to what I have to say! What does this mean? What do you really want? They can be followed by instructions, which are 6 given with a Subjunctive as they have the function of commands. Watch out! Be careful! Watch out for trains! Pare, escute e olhe! Stop, listen and look!
Beware of the dog. B Stop thief! Merry Christmas! Happy Easter! Happy birthday! Introductions 2 Congratulations on passing your driving test. Have a happy holiday! Have a good weekend! Have a safe journey home! Good luck! Women may kiss each other instead of shaking hands.
Pleased to meet you.
The pleasure is all mine. Do you want to come as well? If the subject needs to be stated, then use the name of the person being spoken 9 to, as if it were a pronoun.
Pode dar-nos 8 boleia para o cinema? It is very kind of you 40 Silva to invite us. Can you give us a lift to the cinema? These forms can double up as subject pronouns. In the antechamber you Reverend father must ask to be announced to His Eminence. The full title is used in formal occasions and in writing.
In everyday Socializing communication the initial Sr. Engo a. Arqto ta. Professor a. Professor a for a university teacher Doutor a. Any titles and forms 2 of address with Vossa change into Sua when used as third person see the 3 dialogue in He was called to a meeting with the Minister 4 for Public Works. Well, thank you. Very well. Fairly well. B So-so. This is a favourite topic for conversation in Portuguese.
Open your mouth. Breathe deeply. Lie on your back. Lie on your tummy. Roll up your sleeve. You should take. You must take. Lisboa, o Algarve, a Madeira 6 This is. Lisbon, the Algarve, Madeira 7 8. Where is. What is. What are.
Where are you from? Where do you come from? Where does. Where do you live? Do you live in. What is your address? What is the address 12 person, institution?
It is in. I live in. Viver is more general and can refer to the country, region, city or address where one lives. If in doubt, use viver as you have a greater chance of being correct. In Brazil, however, morar is more frequently used. Often the continuous form 9 estar a. B is used, as one describes the present weather conditions see 40 The weather is good.
The weather is bad. It is hot. It is cold. It is sunny. It is windy. There is a light breeze. There is a cool wind. B It is raining. It is snowing. B There is a thunderstorm. It is lightning. B The sun is shining. B The wind is blowing. B It is very cold. In the latter cases the preposition de 7 introduces a metaphor. It is swelteringly hot. It is piercingly cold.
It is deadly cold. Who is it? Who is. Who are. Which is. Which are. Whom does. Esqueceu-as aqui. He left them behind. But the red ones are mine. What is your profession? Where do you work? I work in.
Who do you work for? I work for. B 6 What does your cousin do? And your brother? What kind of. What is it made of? What is it made out of? How is it made? How does one make it? These phrases usually introduce a question with an interrogative pronoun see section 5. Have you got the time? Can you tell me the time? At what time. It is. I have a class at 2 p. The main requirement to 3 perform these functions correctly is to have a good knowledge of 4 verbs, their tenses and the meaning of each tense see Chapter 7.
It describes an action that began in the past, has 5 been developing until now and may even continue into the future 6 7. This is particularly import- 6 ant if you are a beginner. Avoid at all costs thinking in your mother tongue 7 and then translating into Portuguese.
That is because literal translations seldom work. A huge wave swept 9 temporal. My younger 1 chegou a fazer transbordar a brother nearly drowned. My lagoa. Here is a useful list: A different sequence 2 of adverbs of place and time, possessives and demonstratives is also 3 required: O jacket.
Yours sincerely 9 muito atentamente 40 Melhores cumprimentos1 Yours faithfully 1 Nowadays, the formula Melhores cumprimentos is more widely used. Senhor, Dear Sir, 2 factual 3 Agradecemos a V. O tempo I love Recife. See you soon. O senhor falou foi com 8 esta senhora ao lado.
The person you spoke to was this lady next to me. Excuse me, but. That being said, there are a couple of things to consider before you start searching for that ideal Portuguese textbook. Some are better suited for Brazilian Portuguese learners, others primarily focus on European Portuguese colloquialisms, and a selected few offer insight into both. Just remember that your chosen textbook should align with your learning goals , language skills and overall strengths and weaknesses.
This is why you should take some time to do a bit of research before settling on any sort of language guide.
To make things simpler, ask yourself these simple questions: Where am I at with my learning? Different textbooks will be better suited to certain types of learners. How much time can I dedicate to textbook learning? Remember, the formatting of the textbook needs to align with your schedule. You might find some books that are designed for a two-year course of study and others that break the information down even further.
The book offers an array of activities and exercises that highlight the cultural and social contexts shaping all aspects of the language.
This is why you should take some time to do a bit of research before settling on any sort of language guide. To make things simpler, ask yourself these simple questions: Where am I at with my learning? Different textbooks will be better suited to certain types of learners. How much time can I dedicate to textbook learning?
Remember, the formatting of the textbook needs to align with your schedule. You might find some books that are designed for a two-year course of study and others that break the information down even further. The book offers an array of activities and exercises that highlight the cultural and social contexts shaping all aspects of the language.
Keep in mind that its completeness comes with a hefty price tag but, given its reputation, the investment might be worth it. It can be used as a standalone beginner guide or as a supplementary resource for other study materials. Choose the most appropriate level for you and make use of the CDs and language test modules that come with the book.